Nitish Kumar Chief Minister of Bihar
Nitish Kumar is an Indian politician and the chief minister of Bihar state. He served as the chief minister of Bihar from 2005 to 2014 and from 2015 to 2017. He also served as a minister in the Union Government of India. He belongs to the Janata Dal (United) political party.He was elected as the national president of his party JDU on 10 April 2016. In the upcoming election of 2019 many politicians including Lalu Yadav, Tejaswi Yadav and others had proposed him for the Prime Ministerial post in India although he has denied such aspirations. He resigned recently on 26 July 2017 as Chief Minister of Bihar over differences with the coalition partner RJD due to the naming of Tejaswi Yadav, the deputy CM, and Lalu’s son in a FIR by the CBI. After some time, he joined the BJP coalition which had thus far been the opposition, and secured a majority in the assembly, taking the Chief Ministership once again on the very next day.
His journey from Student life to Political life
He was born on 1 March 1951 at Harnaut, in Nalanda district of Bihar. He belongs to kurmi family. His father late Shri kaviraj Ram Lakhan Singh was a freedom fighter and also an Ayurvedic Vaidya Raj. His mother late Smt. Parmeshwari Devi was a house wife. In 1972 he got a degree in electrical engineering from Bihar college of engineering. It is famous as NIT Patna now. After completing his education he joined state electricity board, but he did not like this work by heart, he wants to do something else in his career. So he moved into politics. In 1973 he married to Smt. Manju Kumari Sinha, she was a teacher. In 1975 they got a son Nishant Kumar, his nickname is Munna and he is a graduate in engineering from BIT Mesra. In 2007 Manju Sinha died at the age of 53. Nitish Kumar learned the lessons of politics under the care of Mr. Jayprakash Narayan, Mr. Ram Manohar Lohia, Mr. S.N. Sinha, Mr. karpuri Thakur and Mr. V.P. Singh. Between 1974 and 1977 he participated in Jayprakash Narayan’s movement. In 1998 he became the Union Minister for Railways and Minister for Surface Transport, and the Minister for Agriculture in the BJP, a government of Mr. Atal Bihari Vajpayee. He resigned from these posts in August 1999 and taking the responsibility of the gaisal train disaster as a Minister of Railways. However, in his short career as Railway Minister, he brought in far flung reforms such as internet ticket booking facility in 2002, he introduces the Tatkal scheme for instant booking counters in large numbers. In 2001 he rejoined the agriculture as a union cabinet minister of agriculture. He worked four years at this post. In 2004 he was again the union minister for Railways. In Lok Sabha elections of 2004, he participated from two places, when he got elected from Nalanda but he lost from Barh, his traditional constituency. In 2007 he won the Best Chief minister award according to the CNN-IBN and Hindustan Times state of the national poll and in 2008 he won the award of great Indian of the year in politics.
As a Chief Minister of Bihar
Nitish Kumar’s government initiated bicycle and meal programs – the government gave bicycles to girls who stayed in school – which saw Bihar getting a huge number of girls into schools and fall in school dropout rates. In 2009 he won the awards NDTV Indian of the year in Politics, Economics Times ‘Business Reformer of the Year’,’Polio Eradication Championship Award’.In 2010, Nitish Kumar’s party swept back to power along with its allies at that time Bhartiya Janta party (BJP). On 26 November 2010, Nitish Kumar took oath as a Chief Minister of Bihar. This was his second consecutive term as Chief Minister of Bihar. In an intensely fight back contest, Nitish Kumar led JDU-BJP to combine won with the four-fifth majority. NDA won 206 seats while RJD won 22 seats. No party there has won adequate seats to represent the opposition in the state assembly, which requires at least 25 seats to become eligible to represent the main opposition party. He won NDTV Indian of the Year in politics, Forbes ‘India’s Person of the Year’, CNN-IBN ‘Indian of the Year Award’ in Politics, ‘MSN Indian of the year’2010. In 2011 he won XLRI, Jamshedpur ‘Sir Jehangir Ghandy Medal’ for Industrial & Social Peace award. In 2012 he won Ranked ‘77th in prestigious Foreign Policy Magazine top 100 global thinkers’ and in 2013 JP Memorial Award, Nagpur’s Manav Mandir, 2013.
On 17 May 2014, he gave his resignation to the Governor of Bihar. A day after his party fared poorly in the 2014 Lok Sabha elections, winning just 2 seats against 20 seats in the previous election. Nitish Kumar resigned, taking the moral responsibility of his party’s poor performance in the election and Jitan Ram Manjhi took over. In 2015 Bihar Legislative Assembly election JD(U) along with RJD and Congress formed the Grand alliance to counter the BJP in Bihar. The grand alliance won the election by a huge number of seats 178 against the 58 seats of BJP. Its partners RJD won the 80 seats, JD(U) won 71 seats. He was sworn as the chief minister of Bihar at the fifth time and Tejaswi Yadav who is a son of Lalu Yadav sworn as a deputy chief minister of Bihar. In 2017 he won Anuvrat Puraskar, by Shwetambar Terapanthi Mahasabha, a Jain Organisation, for enforcing the total prohibition on liquor in Bihar, 2017.Due to amid corruption charges at deputy CM Tejashwi Yadav, he asked him to resign from the cabinet post but it was refused by RJD. To protect his clean image and due to anti-corruption character Nitish Kumar resigned as a Chief Minister of Bihar on 26 July 2017 and rejoined the BJP, the opposition party. He broke up the so called ‘Mahagathbandhan’ with RJD and Congress. Recently in a press conference, he told to media that no person or political party has the ability to challenge Prime Minister Narendra Modi in the 2019 general election.
Nitish told to media at a press conference that ‘Given the current political scenario, no one can compete with Narendra Modi’.
Clarifying what went on behind the scenes after the CBI filed a graft case and conducted raids on the Yadav’s properties, Nitish said he had tried to ignore the uproar in the media. But soon fingers were pointed at him for not taking action against the accused.
He said he had tried to save the grand alliance but was forced to break away from RJD head Lalu Prasad Yadav and his family refused to come clean on the corruption allegations against them.
“I didn’t have a choice, I tolerated everything. But when the corruption allegations were made, it created a clamor not only in the state but on a national level,”
“The media was reporting a lot about the case but I tried to ignore that and continued working. I thought this happens in an alliance. Then, people started questioning, they have a zero tolerance policy for corruption, so what will they do now?”.
Nitish Kumar then revealed that the party had unanimously decided at a high-level meeting not to break away from their policy and offered RJD leaders Lalu Prasad and his son Tejashwi the chance to put forth all facts about the corruption case in the public domain. He said he would meet with Tejashwi and talk to him about the same.
But when no explanation was forthcoming and the RJD defiantly rejected calls for to Tejashwi step-down, Nitish said he decided to resign from the chief minister’s office.
“I had asked to explain the corruption allegations and had they done that, the situation could have been different. The proposal came from BJP after my resignation and we formed the government with the consensus of both parties’ legislators,”.
On 27 July, Nitish Kumar had taken oath as chief minister with support from the BJP, hardly 24 hours after resigning from the post and quitting the grand alliance comprising JD(U), RJD and the Congress. The rapid sequence of events, capped off by Nitish’s return to the BJP fold, had led to speculation that this bit of political turning had been quite some time in the making.
Responding to the RJD’s charges that he would be deceived the mandate of the people of Bihar by joining up with “communal forces”, Nitish said, “I don’t need any certificate from anybody on secularism. They (RJD) were gathering personal wealth under the pretense of secularism.”